An industrial control panel is an assembly of standard and systematic arrangement of various components. It comprises overload relays, motor controllers, circuit breakers, and fused disconnect switches. Other related control devices include pushbutton stations, timers, switches, terminal blocks, and pilot lights, among others. According to the official definition by Underwriters Laboratories (UL), an industrial control panel is an assembly of two or more pieces of industrial control equipment. It also comes with related control circuit devices, provided with interconnecting wiring and terminals.
UL 508A certification is a directive for the industrial control panel covering components, SCCR, wiring, and more. This mark is important to electrical and municipal inspectors along with the panel purchaser. Therefore, engineers certified for the UL 508A standard advise their clients on how to design products with UL compliance. They also work with them to achieve a global design, hence eliminating the need for multiple variants.
IMPORTANT: A panel that carries a UL508A certified mark does not mean that the completed control panel has been tested to UL 508A standards. It means that the panel, it's electrical contents and construction each meet the UL 508A standard. UL also has general requirements for all enclosures convering:
UL 508A is a control panel standard that must be met by industrial equipment. The control panel design goes a long way in determining the safety and functionality of the machinery. In the construction of control panels, there are many factors to consider. Firstly, the panels must meet safety standards and regulations stipulated by the UL and National Electrical Code. Other provisions are NFPA and CSA. Apart from meeting the regulation standards, the panels must also be well constructed for the safety of workers.
7 Definitions Standard Council of Canada Ente Federale preposto a promuovere l efficienza e l effettiva applicazione delle norme. Riporta direttamente al Ministro dell Industria e supervisona lastandardizzazione Canadese. CETA Il Governo italiano e le principali associazioni d imprese hanno dato forte sostegno alla proposta di Accordo Commerciale fra Canada e Unione Europea (CETA = Comprehensive Economic & Trade Agreement,) e per l Accordo commerciale quadro fra Canada e Unione Europea. L italia è considerato l ottavo partner mondiale del Canada per le importazioni (fonte «Italian Trade Agency»). 7
47 Short Circuit Current Rating SCCR A short circuit current rating Associated with devices that provide overcurrent protection, such as fuses, and circuit breakers, that interrupts fault current. Therefore, during short circuit testing, no additional components need to be added to the circuit to terminate the fault current / short circuit test Potere di Interruzione A short circuit current rating Associated with passive devices that have no integral overcurrent protection, such as contactors, overload relays, switches, and terminals. Overcurrent protection of a size and type specified in the component standard or in the component markings is allowed to be added to the test circuit to limit the duration of the fault current. Tenuta al Cortocircuito 47
Vilter motor starter solutions The NEW industry standard in motor starter packages Electrical safety by design Built to Underwriters Laboratory (UL) 508A UL Standard for Safety for Industrial Control Panels.
NEC Class 2 Power Circuits and Power Supplies Abstract: The NEC (National Electrical Code) is a North American standard, which can be regarded as a law in most of the North American states. Among others,
Aim: To confirm whether cirrhosis is indispensable for the non-invasive diagnostic criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas. Methods: Between January 2014 and December 2014, a total of 409 patients with pathologically proven focal liver lesions who underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) were recruited from our institution. Clinical liver cirrhosis, HBV/HCV infection and HCC-typical vascular pattern of the targeted lesion on CEUS were evaluated. The following 3 criteria were applied to these patients to diagnose HCC: criterion 1, clinical liver cirrhosis and HCC-typical vascular pattern; criterion 2, HBV/HCV infection and HCC-typical vascular pattern; criterion 3, HBV/HCV infection or clinical liver cirrhosis and HCC-typical vascular pattern. Pathological reports were considered the gold standard. Results: A total of 311 patients had confirmed HCC by pathology. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under the ROC curve for criterion 1 were 29.6, 90.8, 44.3, 91.1, 28.9, and 0.60% respectively. For criterion 2, they were 83.3, 74.5, 81.2, 91.2, 58.4, and 0.79%, respectively, and for criterion 3, they were 86.2, 72.5, 82.9, 90.9, 62.3, and 0.79% respectively. Conclusions: In HBV-endemic areas, when using the HBV/HCV infection instead of cirrhosis as the precondition of the non-invasive diagnostic criteria for HCC, we should be aware of the potential false positive. Cirrhosis still plays an important role in the non-invasive diagnostic criteria for HCC because of the high specificity. 1e1e36bf2d